Cover Crops & Green Manures

Cover crops and green manures help the soil but are not broadly considered a cash crop, unless they can be grazed prior to establishing the next crop. Though there is a cost to establishing these beneficial crops, if you make the right choice they will repay any outlay, bringing many benefits to your farm. Here are just a few:


They capture energy in the form of sunlight that would otherwise hit bare soil and be wasted. Green manure can be seen as a nutrient store for use at a later time. 


Green manures provide a habitat and food for predators and pollinators as well as providing a habitat for the soil organisms that we don’t see.


Cover crops protect the soil from damage including: drying, which can cause wind erosion; rain damage, that can lead to nutrient leaching and increased disease from rainsplash and run-off; and compaction caused by both vehicle and foot traffic (human or livestock), the effects of which can be eased through added roots and organic matter.

Weed control 

A good cover crop will smother weeds, though managing it can create its own challenges.


Over-Winter Green Manures

Cotswold Grass Seeds

Case Study: Nathan Richards

Sort Out Your Soil

Cotswold Grass Seeds

Author: Ben Raskin


Head of Horticulture

Ben can help individual members with horticultural technical, marketing, supply chain and networking queries. He also holds specialist knowledge and experience which includes Agroforestry,  Community Supported Agriculture, starting up new horticultural businesses and Biochar. Ben has been working in horticulture for more than 20 years and has been with the Soil Association since 2006. His own experience includes; running a walled garden in Sussex supplying a Michelin starred restaurant, working for Garden Organic at their gardens in Kent. Ben also set up and ran the 10 acre horticultural production at Daylesford Organic Farm, before moving to the Welsh College of Horticulture as commercial manager. He is currently project managing a 200 acre agroforestry planting at Helen’s Browning Farm in Wiltshire.

On top of this Ben has written a few gardening books, mainly for kids.